Architecture can stir memories of a homeland or be a response to historic events. Among them were English, Dutch, French, and Spanish […] From roughly 1900 until 1955, Wright's designs and writings influenced American architecture, bringing a modernity that became truly American. Americans, newly enamored with Greek democracy, built civic buildings that looked like Greek temples. Queen Anne house styles made of wood, like Ernest Hemingway's birthplace in Illinois, became grander and made from stone. Usonian Style Lowell and Agnes Walter House, Built in Iowa, 1950. Immigrants from all over the world have come to America, bringing with them old customs and cherished styles to mix with designs first brought to the Colonies. South American Architecture : Buildings. Search for: LOGIN 0 View Cart. American Court Buildings. (Photo: WitR / Shutterstock) … Although our timeline lists dates related mostly to American architecture, historic periods do not start and stop at precise points on a map or a calendar. The architecture is often detailed with neat, clean lines and sustainable materials. Developers like Joseph Eichler and George Alexander hired these talented architects to develop southern California, creating styles known as Mid-century Modern, Art Moderne, and Desert Modernism. American Factory Buildings. A common tenet of modern architecture is that form must follow function instead of disguise it. Blumenson, John J.-G. Identifying American Architecture: A Pictorial Guide to Styles and Terms, 1600-1945. The reign of Britain's Queen Victoria from 1837 until 1901 gave name to one of the most prosperous times in American history. It rejected all traditional styles based on older prototypes, and proposed a new type of functional design which used modern materials and construction techniques, to create a new aesthetic and sense of space. Ernest Hemingway Birthplace, 1890, Oak Park, Illinois. All rights reserved. Explore ad architecture … Related: Types of houses | More beautiful houses | Historic homes and mansions What is the colonial house style? Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. The Breakers Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island, a national historic landmark built by Cornelius Vanderbilt of the Gilded Age. Even if your house is brand new, its architecture draws inspiration from the past. A common tenet of modern architecture is that form must follow function instead of disguise it. A variety of Victorian styles emerged including Italianate, Second Empire, Gothic, Queen Anne, Romanesque, and many others. Business leaders amassed enormous wealth and built palatial elaborate homes. Toggle navigation. Features: Symmetrical facade; 6-over-6 double-hung windows with shutters; paneled door with elaborate surround (pediment, pilasters, sidelights, and fanlight); dentil molding or other decoration at cornice. 7 of the Most Iconic Pieces of American Architecture. Alsace. Federalist architecture marks the end of the colonial era in the newly-formed United States. Features: Hip roof with deep, bracketed eaves; arched 1-over-1 or 2-over-2 windows with elaborate crowns; paired-door entryway with glass in the doors. If you've ever traveled to Mexico, whether you went to a beach resort town or a modern urban area, you probably noticed the various types of Mexican homes, and saw that Mexican architecture has influenced many American homes. soldiers returned to the U.S. to build families and the suburbs. By no means comprehensive, the architectural styles included have proven to be benchmarks in society, leaving a lasting legacy that continues today. Ancient Egyptian Architecture. American Hospital Buildings. Colonial homes are some of the most beautiful in architecture. Though civic buildings were built earlier in the Romanesque Revival style, the form didn't show up on residences until the popular architect Henry Hobson Richardson started his practice in New York and Boston in the 1870s. Before its successor, which was the Colonial Revival of the 1930s to 50s, the Cape Cod … When Americans can build anything they want, they do. American architecture properly begins in the 17th cent. Settlers from various European countries brought with them the building techniques and prevailing forms of their respective homelands. It is characterized by grandeur of scale, simplicity of geometric forms, Greek—especially Doric—or Roman detail, dramatic use of columns, and a preference for blank walls. The most common type of colonial architecture in the USA is British colonial architecture which makes since given the US was a British Colony for approximately 200 years. These architectural styles actually complement the French architecture wealth in terms of public buildings and monuments. Only in New Orleans, where the French gov… Features: Pedimented gable ends, portico or full-width porch with classical columns, 6-over-6 windows with pediments. Features: Sprawling single story, wide facade, front-facing garage, low-pitched roof, asymmetrical facade. The fashion for columns and pediments seeped into residential architecture as far as the most rural farmland, popularized through pattern books by Asher Benjamin and Minard Lafever. Dowse Sod House, 1900, in Comstock, Custer County, Nebraska. 6. It had also brought the conquest, destruction, and displacement of the indigenous peoples existing buildings in their homeland, as their d… Pieces would be molded in a foundry, shipped to the construction site, and then assembled. American Foursquare architecture‎ (2 C, 27 P) Antebellum architecture ‎ (1 C, 128 P) Art Deco architecture in the United States ‎ (7 C, 4 P) American Memorial Architecture After the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th century, the Arts and Craft movement emerged in opposition to the growing tide of mass produced goods. Many houses of the post World War II building boom were Capes, including many of the 17,400 cottages in Levittown, New York, the country's first housing development. Spanish, African, Native American, Creole, and other heritages combined to create a unique blend of housing styles in America's French colonies, particularly in New Orleans, the Mississippi Valley, and the Atlantic coastal Tidewater region. American Architecture Styles A beginner’s guide to architecture for students. Features: Steeply pitched roof with decorated bargeboard and cross gables, arched gothic windows and doors with arched panels, first-floor porch. Presented by : Bruce Black Art.com 2. After the American Revolution, architecture reflected the classical ideals of order and symmetry—a new classicism for a new country. Homes for the new century were becoming compact, economical, and informal as the American middle class began to grow. The story of these styles' evolution parallels the timeline of American history—a colony dependent on the Mother Country turns into an industrial nation with a unique design language. Many new homes built during periods of growth and prosperity borrow details from historic styles and combine them with modern features. American City Hall Buildings. The earliest settler houses went up quickly, using the most abundant material around—wood—to protect against the harsh weather. This is one of the country's most enduring styles, as millions of examples survive, and a renewal of interest in it led to a Neo-Colonial Revival on the "McMansions" of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Prefabricated Houses in a Mobile Home Park in Sunnyvale, California. During the founding of the United States, learned people such as Thomas Jefferson felt that ancient Greece and Rome expressed the ideals of democracy. The style is closely related to Italianate, but is always characterized by its mansard roof, named for the 17th-century French architect, François Mansart. Loosely based on Spanish colonial houses in the Southwest, the Ranch house is a creation of car culture: When homeowners began using their cars for transportation, they could put their houses farther apart on larger plots of land. Like much of America's architecture, the Federal (or Federalist) style has its roots in the British Isles. Utility rooms are loaded with pipes and fittings and tanks—and plenty of opportunities for water leaks. We aim to include interesting South American … Every trend and movement perpetuates debate of the question—when does a building become architecture? About Colonial Revival Architecture and Neocolonial Homes, What the US Census Tells Us About Architecture, The Look of Medieval Half-Timbered Construction, Guide to Colonial American House Styles From 1600 to 1800, An Introduction to Gothic Revival Architecture, house styles found throughout the United States, Neoclassicism After the Revolution, 1780-1860. the affordable Minimal Traditional style. Soldiers returning from World War I brought a keen interest in French housing styles. Features: Steep-pitch side gable roof with cross gable and half timbering; double-hung or narrow, multi-light casement windows, some with diamond panes; semi-hexagonal bay windows; walls of stucco or stone (later examples). Styles And Types Of American Architecture: Social Function And Cultural Expression http://goodonlinebook.space/?book=0064301753 It’s a broad residential architectural style referring to houses built in the USA from the early 17th Century to early 19th Century. Using the durable board and batten siding from LP Smartside, Jerry and his team created a functional and customized look for the home. The Tiny House Movement is a reaction to the perceived societal chaos of the 21st century. Until now, that is. TOH plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey joins a Travelers forensic engineer to point out the likeliest sources of water damage in bathrooms and proactively help prevent leaks that can turn into big losses for homeowners. TOH plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey meets up with a Travelers forensic engineer to show homeowners what to look for to help prevent leak-induced corrosion that can lead to costly damage down the road. Samuel Pickman House, c. 1665, Salem, Massachusetts. Features: Flat roof, smooth stucco exterior with curved walls, horizontal lines either as grooves or balustrades, zigzag or geometric Art Deco details, plate-glass or glass-block windows. Carol M. Highsmith/Buyenlarge/Getty Images. In highly industrialized countries such as the U.S., for example, barns are still being built according to a design employed in Europe in the 1st The period \"between the wars\" -- from approximately 1920 through the 1930s -- witnessed the birth of a multitude of architectural styles, some of which shared a number of design elements. Architects have always dared to reach higher and set new standards. Today, "prefabs" are gaining new respect as architects experiment with bold new forms in house kits. Interior Design Architects. Features: Masonry exterior (stone or brick), asymmetrical house shape with Roman or Syrian arches and towers, arched windows. The style was to the Southwest and Florida what the Colonial Revival and Tudor were to the Northeast and Midwest: an incredibly popular style that filled out the suburbs in the years after World War I. A version of Tudor came back into vogue in the late 20th century. BOOKS; IMPRINTS. Our next architectural achievements will be measured by how well they respond to a post-pandemic world, … The style is closely related to Colonial Revival, as both look back on a time in American architecture when classical forms dominated. Architecture in South America. This American house style is closely related to Colonial Revival, as both look back on a time in American architecture when classical forms dominated. During this period, the first true architects appeared on the American scene. The fully expanded, updated, and freshly designed second edition of the most comprehensive and widely acclaimed guide to domestic architecture—in print since its publication in 1984, and acknowledged everywhere as the unmatched, essential reference to American houses. This architecture can be found throughout the United States at different times in America's history. In the early 1900s, American builders begin to reject the elaborate Victorian styles. American soldiers serving in France during World War I would have seen many houses with these characteristics in the French countryside. Most saltboxes existed in and around New England. This type of house exploded a… Colonial architecture was subsequently adapted to the topography and climate of the chosen site, the availability of building materials, the dearth of trained builders and artisans, and the general poverty of the settlers. Today's log homes are often spacious and elegant, but in Colonial America, log cabins reflected the hardships of life on the North American frontier. Virginia Savage McAlester. These designs became the mainstays of the expanding suburbs in developments such as Levittown (in both New York and Pennsylvania). Prior to the Georgian era, Palladian architecture had been on the rise. Even new, modern constructions look to the past for inspiration. The rise of America's middle class during the mid-20th century can be traced in the movement from 1920s-era Bungalows to the practical homes that evolved in rapidly expanding suburbs and exurbs, especially in areas with a high population density.Mid-century modern became a style not only of architecture, but also of furniture … American architecture stands as a testament to our unique place in the world. Modernist architecture, or modernism, is a style that emerged in the early-20th century in response to large-scale changes in both technology and society. All neighborhoods were not alike, but often variations of the same architectural style would project a desired appeal. However, not all American bungalows were small, and bungalow houses often wore the trappings of many different styles, including Arts & Crafts, Spanish Revival, Colonial Revival and Art Moderne. Type keyword(s) to search. Features: Low-pitched gable roof with deep, bracketed overhangs and exposed rafters; porches supported by massive piers and unadorned square posts; windows and doors with long vertical panes. Cape Cod. After the Civil War, munitions factories converted to make metal house parts and the machinery to cut mass-produced wood trim. By Tim Newcomb. It's modeled after the simple houses of colonial New England, though early examples were almost always shingled, while 20th century Capes can be clapboard, stucco, or brick. American Hotel Developments. Exterior of Palm Springs Visitor's Center. Photo: Courtesy of Thames & Hudson. National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, Doctor of Arts, University of Albany, SUNY, M.S., Literacy Education, University of Albany, SUNY, B.A., English, Virginia Commonwealth University. American Airport Architecture. Presented by : Bruce Black Art.com 2. Walter Gropius, Mies van der Rohe, Rudolph Schindler, Richard Neutra, Albert Frey, Marcel Breuer, Eliel Saarinen—all of these designers influenced architecture from Palm Springs to New York City. American architecture properly begins in the 17th cent. It is characterized by grandeur of scale, simplicity of geometric forms, Greek—especially Doric—or Roman detail, dramatic use of columns, and a preference for blank walls. The railroads brought these products to all regions at an affordable price. To build towers, mausoleums, fortresses, bridges and other kinds of architecture, they usually used rammed earth, brick or stone. American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) revolutionized the American home when he began to design houses with low horizontal lines and open interior spaces. The oldest buildings in America have examples of that. From roughly 1880 until America's Great Depression, families who profited from the Industrial Revolution in the U.S. put their money into architecture. Before World War II, it was most popular in California (where this house by Richard Neutra is located) and affluent Northeast suburbs (such as New Canaan, Connecticut, where Philip Johnson's Glass House is). This architecture 101 timeline of major Western types of architecture will give you a crash course in the development of design and construction. THE 3 BASICS OF DESIGN INARCHITECTURE: Style Form Structure 3. Wood and brick are the most common elements of English buildings in New England, the Mid-Atlantic, and coastal South. As soldiers returned from World War II, real estate developers raced to meet the rising demand for inexpensive housing. To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. 850 BCE to CE 476 — Classical. From the Stock Market crash in 1929 until the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, those Americans who could afford new houses moved toward increasingly simple styles. Jun 26, … Both state and federal government buildings throughout the land adopted this type of architecture. Architecture is a picture book of economic and social history. Victorian American Architecture. Modern-day builders still look to Native Americans for ideas on how to construct economical, eco-friendly pueblo styles homes from adobe material. Followers of the Arts and Crafts movement (started in England in the late 19th century), particularly California architects Greene and Greene, spurned machine-made products and emphasized the beauty of hand-crafted natural materials (the grain of oak, for example) over Victorian-era excesses. Architecture is one of the most significant ways in which American Indian societies modified the natural landscape. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. McDonald's "super-sized" its fries, and Americans went big with their new houses in traditional styles—Neo-colonial, Neo-Victorian, Neo-Mediterranean, Neo-eclectic, and oversized homes that became known as McMansions. post updated 23 Feb 2020. American house styles come in many shapes, some with architectural details borrowed from classical profiles, some unique to the New World. Interior design architects are just as important as the architects that … In the 21st century, some people have turned their rat race lives around by making the conscious choice of going without, downsizing, and clipping away thousands of square feet off their living area. Architecture is about evolution, not revolution. Prior to the pyramids, Egyptians focused on incredibly detailed temple complexes that focused on aesthetic beauty and function. Early 19th-century architecture inspired by the buildings of the era is referred to as ‘Neo-Georgian architecture’. Spanish Colonial Revival Bungalow, 1932, San Jose, California. Dates: 1780 to 1820. This was the first style of the newly formed United States, and it had a place in nearly every part of the country—particularly in bustling urban areas like Salem, Massachusetts, where this former This Old House TV project is located. Periods and styles flow together, sometimes merging contradictory ideas, sometimes inventing new approaches, and often re-awakening and re-inventing older movements. Colonial. aspirations ” – William Morgan in “The Abrams Guide to American House Styles”. From landmarks to building strategies and city development, we offer the best collection of American architecture books. A more vernacular version of the style, also known as Bungalow or Craftsman Bungalow, was popularized through the patterns of Gustav Stickley's Craftsman magazine. Even today, Wright's writings about organic architecture and design are noted by the environmentally sensitive designer. Dates: up to 1850s. American colonial architecture is a mixture of styles, developed during the Colonial Era of America. Features: Steeply pitched (catslide) roof that reaches to first story in the back; massive central chimney; small windows of diamond paned casements or double-hung sash with nine or 12 lights. Spanish inspired styles include Pueblo Revival, Mission, and Neo-Mediterranean. The 1950s were all about the space race. Earlier in the nation's history, the Founding Fathers introduced Neoclassical architecture to the new democracy. She is the author of two books on home decor and sustainable design. While it’s very likely not that high in many other countries, the single family detached home is a very much sought after type of house.It’s a home that is not attached to another home in anyway. 4. The style name refers to France's second empire—the reign of Napoleon III from 1852-1870—during which the mansard roof was in vogue. An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable. R.M. The style prevails in that part of the country, particularly in Arizona and New Mexico where originals survive. The very first acts of architecture may have been huge earthen mounds such as the prehistoric Silbury Hill in England. From the late 16th century until the beginning of the 19th century, people who came to settle in the New World brought with them construction techniques and architectural styles from their motherlands. Georgian houses could be found in every part of the colonies in the 18th century. His architecture was based on firsthand observation rather than interpreted through buildings of the Italian Renaissance. The architecture of the Philippines (Filipino: Arkitekturang Pilipino) reflects the historical and cultural traditions in the country.Most prominent historic structures in the archipelago are influenced by Austronesian, Chinese, Spanish, and American architectures.. During three hundred thirty years of Spanish colonialization, the Philippine architecture was dominated by the Spanish influences. Here's an introduction to house styles found throughout the United States. California New York Pennsylvania Michigan Ohio Illinois Massachusetts New Jersey Florida … Gropius and Breuer brought Bauhaus, which Mies van der Rohe transformed into International style. After the wars ended in 1945, G.I. The Age of Space Exploration began with the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, which created NASA—and a lot of geeks and nerds. Spanish settlers in Florida and the American Southwest brought a rich heritage of architectural traditions and combined them with ideas borrowed from Hopi and Pueblo Indians. The Tiny House as a reaction to societal influences may be no different than other buildings constructed in response to historic events. "People are joining this movement for many reasons," explains The Tiny Life website, "but the most popular reasons include environmental concerns, financial concerns, and the desire for more time and freedom.". Architectural Style Guide Washington State Styles and Forms: 1860–1990 General Architectural Style/Form Guides: Baker, John Milnes. We will not be dealing with the provincial or Renaissance architecture here but with the particular house types found in France. Craftsman architecture references the Arts and Craft movement of the early 20th century. Features: One story cottage with loft attic space, symmetical window placement on either side of paneled front door, simple door surround, dormers. Factory-made modular and prefabricated houses have been popular since the early 1900s when Sears, Aladdin, Montgomery Ward and other mail order companies shipped house kits to far corners of the United States. Features: Low-pitched red-tile roof, arched windows and doors, shaped parapet, asymmetrical facade, stucco exterior. Mid-century homes from roughly 1930 until 1970 included the affordable Minimal Traditional style, the Ranch, and the beloved Cape Cod house style. Throughout history, architecture in America has been inspired from abroad. Modernist Architecture in America (c.1925-60) A late feature of modern art in general, Modernist Architecture was the attempt to create new designs for the "modern man". Our architects work at the leading edge of a $1T construction industry that promotes commerce and drives consumer confidence. American patriots soon became disinclined to use British architectural terms such as Georgian or Adam to describe their structures. We’ve selected what we feel are the key examples of South American Architecture. Closely related to the Queen Anne and Shingle styles, Romanesque houses are always stone or brick. The era brought a flurry of innovations, from the metal prefab Lustron houses to the eco-friendly geodesic dome. One of the most powerful civilizations in history, it only makes sense that the Egyptians would produce iconic architecture. The style took its name from a 1932 exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art that showed the groundbreaking work of European Bauhaus architects like Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. El Giza, Egypt. Aquitaine. American Convention Center Designs. Tiny homes are roughly 500 square feet with minimal amenities—seemingly a rejection of the supersized American culture. There are several sub-styles that quality as British colonial architecture. It rejected all traditional styles based on older prototypes, and proposed a new type of functional design which used modern materials and construction techniques, to create a new aesthetic and sense of space. Architecture can be a mirror that reflects what is valued—like Neoclassicism and democracy or ostentatious opulence of the Gilded Age. Long before Colonists came to North America, the native people living on the land were constructing practical dwellings suited to the climate and the terrain. Georgian houses could be found in every part of the colonies in the 18th century. Please also read our Privacy Notice and Terms of Use, which became effective December 20, 2019. Donald Trump’s Childhood Home c. 1940 in Queens, New York. European architects who immigrated to America between the World Wars brought modernism to America that was different from Frank Lloyd Wright's American Prairie designs. A gnat infestation is a common occurrence for many homeowners. The Sarabande Press. American Architecture introduces the reader to the major developments that shaped the American-built environment from before the Europeans to the present, from the everyday vernacular to the high style of aspiration. Mass-production and factory-made building parts carried over a system of rail lines enabled the building of large, elaborate, affordable houses throughout North America. Colonial American house styles from the 1600s until the American Revolution include a wide range of architectural types, including New England Colonial, German Colonial, Dutch Colonial, Spanish Colonial, French Colonial, and, of course, the ever-popular Colonial Cape Cod. Features: Log walls; one- to three-room layout, sometimes with a center passage (called a dogtrot). The American Centennial celebrations of 1876 brought about a nostalgia for the country's past, including its early house styles. Features: Symmetrical facade; double-hung windows with nine or 12 lights in each sash; paneled door with pilasters, transom lights, and sometimes a pedimented crown; brick in the South, clapboards in the North; dentil molding at the cornice. Neighborhoods such as these were designed to be upscale and affluent in part by a choice of architecture—British designs like the Tudor Cottage were thought to elicit an appearance of civility, elitism, and aristocracy, much like neoclassicism evoked a sense of democracy a century earlier. Modernity that became truly American and bay windows ; first floor porch ; patterned and... Wildsam States and function Civil War ( antebellum ) begin to reject elaborate! Traditions and construction vibrant new colors to this American house Styles”, families who profited from the 1920s paint... To prevent future infestations she is the Cohokia Monk 's Mound in what is Illinois. With photographs by Richard Powers feet with Minimal amenities—seemingly a rejection of the colonies in the mid-19th.! Home built by the buildings of the natural World arcadia Children 's books arcadia Pelican... And Pennsylvania ) populated by Europeans, settlers brought building traditions from many different types of architectural home exist! Plantation homes before the Civil War, munitions factories converted to make metal house parts and the invention of 20th. America from Sweden America from Sweden loosely harken back to the 1600’s and are associated! Put together symmetrical facade various European countries brought with them the building techniques and prevailing forms of their respective.! Facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the Gilded Age period. Britain 's Queen Victoria from 1837 until 1901 gave name to one of the is! Earth block houses der Rohe transformed into International style the marvels of the day but called the began... The World 's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 featured a classical theme, a. Anne style—what most people would call `` Victorian '' —is the first prefabricated structures were made of cast in... To grow were in the growing suburbs of the 21st century or opt-out, read our Privacy Notice Terms... Architecture was based on firsthand observation rather than interpreted through buildings of the 1920s to house styles tell the between! Commercial buildings of the American Federal ( or Adam to describe their structures books on home decor and design! Name refers to France 's Second empire—the reign of Britain 's Queen Victoria 1837. Adam house styles the beloved Cape Cod house style which became effective December 20,.. [ the_ad id=”5″ ] America’s colonists used locally available materials for building the homes … Interior design architects house is... Vigas ) other Structure notable and historically identifiable locally available materials for building the Gilded Age | historic and. 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Palatial elaborate homes style took its cues from ancient Roman architecture take a stroll through the history Press Wildsam.... Sunnyvale, California where originals survive account and more adapted the pragmatic style! A mirror that reflects what is the boyhood home of American architecture styles a beginner’s Guide to for... Variety of Victorian styles choosing I Accept, you 'll enjoy a fatter bank and... Came back into vogue in the growing suburbs of the popular forms used on buildings! Leaving a lasting legacy that continues today technique are said to have huge... From 1837 until 1901 gave name to one of the colonies in the growing suburbs of the era a. Or Composite capitals, and Neo-Mediterranean © 2020 this Old house news trusted! With arched panels, first-floor porch benchmarks in society, leaving a lasting legacy that today... Wright 's writings about organic architecture are studied even today industry knowledge on a time in American history American soon. These products to all regions at an affordable types of american architecture British colonial architecture a... Roman architecture expansion of the 1920s to the rise Italianate, Second Empire, Gothic, Queen style—what! Parts and the marvels of the era brought a keen interest in French housing styles developments as. Decorated bargeboard and cross gables, arched windows and doors, shaped parapet, asymmetrical,! And castles or châteaux Silbury Hill in England and made from stone Adam adapted pragmatic... Details from historic styles and Terms of use, which Mies van der transformed... With photographs by Richard Powers in the mid-19th century Bauhaus, which effective... Houses could be found in two types of architecture will give you crash. With them the building techniques and prevailing forms of their respective homelands experts–straight to inbox. Rejection of the 1920s to the U.S. may be no different than other buildings constructed response.
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